In the last few decades in the last few decades, serious heat wave responsible for thousands of deaths across India has been growing with dangerous frequency and soon the country may become one of the first places to experience heat wave in the world that human living time capacity Breaks According to a new report. The World Bank report “Climate investment opportunities in India’s cooling sector” said that the country is experiencing high temperatures which come first and lasts longer. “In April 2022, India was hit by an early spring heat wave, which brought the country to a stay, the temperature in the capital New Delhi was above 46 ° C (OC) (114 ° F).
The month of March, which saw an extraordinary increase in temperature, was the hottest record ever. The Kerala government predicted that the situation of heat stroke in India can break the limits of human survival, it recently supports the hot winds that many climate scientists have given rising temperatures in South Asia. Has warned for a long time.
“In August 2021, the sixth assessment report of the Inter-Government Panel (IPCC) on Climate Change warned that the Indian subcontinent would face more frequent and intense heat waves in the coming decade.
The report said, “The G20 Climate Risk Atlas also warned in 2021 that if the carbon emissions are high, the heat waves across India are likely to last 25 times longer, as the IPCC The worst emissions of this are in the scenario. ” It also warned that rising heat across India can endanger economic productivity.
“75 percent of India’s workforce, or 380 million people, potentially depends on heat-wake labor working in temperature. … By 2030, India, by 2030, 34 million out of the estimated 80 million global jobs. The report may be responsible. The report states that the productivity associated with heat stress has decreased.
It further stated that India has shown the biggest heat risk effect on heavy labor in South Asian countries, which has caused a loss of more than 101 billion hours in a year. The analysis made by the Global Management Advisory firm, McKins’ & Company shows that the loss of labor from rising heat and humidity by 4.5 percent of India’s GDP by the end of this decade – can put around 150-250 billion US $ 150-250 billion. Is.
It said that India’s long -term food security and public health protection will depend on a reliable cold chain network. The transport of food and drug goods across India requires a system of cold chain refrigeration that works at every step. “A single decrease in temperature in travel can break the cold chain, spoil fresh yield and weaken the capacity of vaccines. Only 4 percent of fresh production in India is covered by cold chain facilities, annual estimated Food loss is a total of 13 billion US dollars. ” Said this.
It was also noted that the third largest producer of pharmaceuticals in the world, East-Cowid-19, India lost about 20 percent of temperature-sensitive medical products and 25 percent vaccines due to broken cold chains, causing 313 per year Million USD loss.
“As the temperature rises throughout India, the demand for cooling will also increase. However, in a country where two-thirds of the population remains less than $ 2 in a day, and where an air conditioning unit average average The cost can vary between USD. 260 and USD 500, the air-cooling system is a luxury available to a few people. ”
According to the analysis in the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP), only eight percent of Indian families have air conditioning units. “Indoor and electric fans can help maintain thermal comfort, but they are also expensive and disabled to buy.
As a result, many poor and marginalized communities across India are more sensitive to excessive heat, living without proper reach of cooling in insufficient ventilated, hot and crowded houses. It can build an indefinite line between life and death.
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